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Disc Golf Basic Rules, Regulations & Etiquette

Updated: Apr 25

Disc golf is a popular sport that has been gaining traction in recent years. It’s a fun and relaxing way to enjoy the outdoors while getting some exercise. The rules of disc golf are fairly simple and easy to understand, making it accessible to people of all ages and skill levels.


In this article, we’ll go over the basic rules of disc golf. Whether you’re a seasoned player or a beginner, this guide will help you understand the rules and etiquette of the game.

Disc Golf Equipment

Before we dive into the rules of disc golf, let’s talk about the equipment you’ll need to play. The main piece of equipment is, of course, the disc golf disc. Disc golf discs are similar to Frisbees, but they are specifically designed for the sport. They come in different types, such as drivers, mid-range discs, and putters, each with its unique characteristics.

In addition to discs, you’ll need a disc golf basket. The basket is the target you’ll be aiming for during each hole. The baskets have chains that catch the disc when it lands, making it easier to determine whether you made the shot or not.

You should also make sure you have a quality disc golf bag to hold all of your equipment and other items like refreshments, extra clothes, disc golf shoes and more.

Disc Golf Course Layout

Disc golf courses are typically laid out in a park or other open space. The course consists of a series of holes, each with a designated tee box and basket. The tee box is where you start each hole, and the basket is where you’re trying to land the disc.

The layout of the course can vary greatly depending on the location. Some courses are short and easy, while others are longer and more challenging. Some courses have a mix of open spaces and wooded areas, while others are entirely wooded.

Disc Golf Rules

Now let’s get into the basic rules of disc golf. The objective of the game is to complete each hole in as few throws as possible. The player with the lowest total number of throws at the end of the game wins.

Teeing Off

The first player on each hole tees off from the tee box. The tee box is marked with a sign or marker indicating the hole number and par for that hole. The player must throw from behind the tee line, with one foot on the ground at all times.

Fairway Shots

Once the first player has teed off, the other players take turns throwing from the spot where their disc landed. Players must throw from where their disc came to rest, and they must keep one foot on the ground while throwing.


When a player’s disc lands within 10 meters of the basket, they must switch to a putter disc and attempt to make the shot into the basket. The player must putt from behind their disc, and they must make the shot in one throw. If the disc hits the basket but does not go in, the player must make another throw from where the disc came to rest.

Out of Bounds

If a player’s disc lands out of bounds, they must take a penalty stroke and throw from where the disc went out of bounds. Out of bounds areas are typically marked with white stakes or lines.


If a player’s disc lands in an obstacle, such as a tree or a bush, they must throw from where the disc came to rest. If the obstacle is in the way of the player’s throw, they may take a penalty stroke and throw from the nearest point where they have a clear shot.


After each hole, players record their total number of throws. The player with the lowest number of throws at the end of the game is the winner.

Disc Golf Etiquette

In addition to the rules of the game, there are also some disc golf etiquette guidelines to follow when playing disc golf. Here are a few tips to keep in mind:

Wait Your Turn

It’s important to wait your turn before throwing. Allow the player who is farthest from the basket to throw first. This helps keep the game moving and prevents players from accidentally throwing their discs at each other.

Respect the Course

Disc golf courses are typically located in public spaces, such as parks or nature preserves. It’s important to respect the course and the environment around it. Avoid littering, and try to stay on the designated paths and fairways.

Don’t Disturb Other Players

If another player is preparing to throw, try to be quiet and avoid distracting them. This includes refraining from talking loudly or making sudden movements.

Keep the Game Moving

Disc golf is meant to be a fun and relaxing activity, but it’s also important to keep the game moving. Avoid taking too long to make your throws, and try to avoid excessive discussion or debate about rules or scores.

Be Courteous to Other Park Users

Disc golf courses are typically located in public parks or other open spaces. Be courteous to other park users, and try to avoid throwing your disc near people who are not playing the game. This helps prevent accidents and keeps everyone safe.

Final Thoughts

Disc golf is a fun and relaxing way to enjoy the outdoors and get some exercise. By following the basic rules and etiquette of the game, you can have a great time and improve your skills. Remember to stay safe, respect the course and other players, and have fun!

Disc Golf Rules FAQ

Q: What is disc golf?

A: Disc golf is a sport where players throw a disc (similar to a Frisbee) at a target, with the goal of completing each hole in as few throws as possible.

Q: How many players can play disc golf?

A: Disc golf can be played solo or with a group of friends. Generally, the maximum number of players per group is four.

Q: What are the basic rules of disc golf?

A: The basic rules of disc golf are similar to traditional golf. Players throw from a tee area and continue throwing until they reach the target (usually a metal basket or a pole with a basket on top). The player who completes the hole with the fewest throws wins the hole.

Q: What is the maximum number of throws per hole?

A: The maximum number of throws per hole is typically six. After six throws, players are considered to have reached the maximum score for that hole and should move on to the next hole.

Q: What is a "stroke" in disc golf?

A: A "stroke" in disc golf refers to a throw. Each time a player throws the disc, it counts as one stroke.

Q: What is "out of bounds" in disc golf?

A: "Out of bounds" refers to any area on the course that is designated as off-limits. If a player's disc lands out of bounds, they must take a penalty stroke and throw their next shot from a designated drop zone.

Q: What is the "lie" in disc golf?

A: The "lie" refers to the spot where the player's disc comes to rest after their throw. The player must throw their next shot from behind the lie.

Q: What is "Etiquette" in disc golf?

A: Disc golf etiquette refers to the unwritten rules and expectations of behavior on the course. Some basic etiquette rules include: not talking during someone's throw, waiting for the group ahead to clear the hole before teeing off, not littering on the course, and respecting the natural surroundings.

Q: What are some common penalties in disc golf?

A: Common penalties in disc golf include: one stroke for landing out of bounds, one stroke for missing the target, and one stroke for breaking a rule (such as throwing out of turn).

Q: Can I play disc golf at night?

A: Yes, some courses have lights and are open for night play. However, it's important to follow safety guidelines, such as using glow-in-the-dark discs and being aware of other players on the course.

Q: Can I bring my own discs to play disc golf?

A: Yes, many players prefer to bring their own discs. However, some courses may offer disc rentals or have a pro shop where players can purchase discs.

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